Behavioural Economics (eBook)
Psychology, neuroscience, and the human side of economics
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For centuries, economics was dominated by the idea that we are rational individuals who optimise our own ‘utility’. Then, in the 1970s, psychologists demonstrated that the reality is a lot messier. We don’t really know what our utility is, and we care about people other than ourselves. We are susceptible to external nudges. And far from being perfectly rational we are prone to ‘cognitive biases’ with complex effects on decision-making, such as forgetting to prepare for retirement.